كيف تستطيع تكوين ثروة لغوية طائلة ؟ جرب الطرق التالية والتي أعدها مجموعة من المتخصصين
Buy a good English dictionary.
Read as much English as you can. Read anything that interests you, in any format available to you. If you find newspapers or literature difficult, try reading graded readers, which are simplified books.
Select carefully the words or phrases you look up in a dictionary. It's frustrating to look up every word that you don't understand. Only look up those words that you think are important, such as:
- Words or phrases that occur often
- Words or phrases that are essential for understanding a sentence.
You can often get the general meaning of the sentence without having to use a dictionary, so save yourself some work!
From the words or phrases that you look up, decide which ones are vital for you to understand and use. For example, words that you need for your job or study, or words that occur often.
Use your English dictionary to get the essential information about these words and phrases (grammar, stress, pronunciation and meaning), then make an effort to practise these words. Write down the new word in a sentence of your own and try to use the word as often as possible, until you are sure that you remember it.
When you look up a new word, make sure you know which words you can use with it. For example, you do a test, but you make an effort.
When you find a new word, check to see if you can use it in other ways. English is a flexible languge - nouns, verbs and adjectives can often be made from each other. For example, to apply for a job, a letter of application, the applicant for the job and so on.
Keep an English vocabulary book
Keep an English vocabulary book with you. You can use it while you are reading, or watching television or a film. You can also refer to it when you have some spare time to help you revise new words and expressions.
Organise your new vocabulary book in ways that will help you to remember. Here are three ideas to get you started:
1 Write an important word in the middle of a page and draw a bubble around it. Then draw lines out from this word connected to smaller bubbles. In the smaller bubbles you can add words associated with the main word.
2 Take a broad subject like sport. Divide your page into three columns. In the left column make a list of as many sports as you can think of. In the middIe column write down all the equipment you need to play the sport. In the final column write down all the words used for scoring. Of course you can use this idea for any subject you like and put in as many columns as you need.
3 Draw a horizontal line across a page and put in all the words you can think of which range from one extreme to another. For example:
freezing > cold > cool > warm > hot > boiling
adore > love > like > don't mind > hate > can't stand]