( شوك الجمل )Milk Thistle
They are native to the Mediterranean regions of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East.
The name "milk thistle" derives from two features of the leaves:
they are mottled with splashes of white and they contain a milky sap.
seeds of milk thistle that herbalists have used for 2000 years to treat chronic liver disease and protect the liver against toxins.
Only two species are currently classified in this genus:
S. marianum is the more widely known species.
Traditional milk thistle extract is made from the seeds, which contain approximately 4-6% silymarin.
The extract consists of about 65-80% silymarin (a flavonolignan complex) and 20-35% fatty acids, including linoleic acid.
Milk thistle has been reported to have protective effects on the liver and to greatly improve its function.
It is typically used to treat liver cirrhosis, chronic hepatitis (liver inflammation), toxin-induced liver damage (including the prevention of severe liver damage from Amanita phalloides (death cap) mushroom poisoning), and gallbladder disorders.
لكنى لاحظت لجوء الناس للاعشاب والطب البديل بغرض تنشيط الجهاز املناعى حتى يظل فيرس سى ف dormancy state ومن اغرب الطرق التى سمعت عنها لكن ف التليفزيون ومش من شخص متخصص ( دى كانت وصفه ) المهم قال عليك بتناول بول الجمل طبعا انا مش بعلن ولا بفتى عن الوصفه دى لكنى فكرت شويه اشمعنى الجمل ؟ المهم توصلت لجابه ع سؤالى لما قريت عن milk thistle ده عشب ف الصحرا اكيد لما الجمل بيتناولو من المحتمل تواجد نسبه من السليمارين ف بولو وطبعا معروف اهميه السليمارين ك hepatoprotictive
أعتقد الراجل صاحب الوصفه السحريه دى غلطان لانو الافضل تناول العشب ده افضل بكتير من تناول بول الجمل , وانو الافضل عمل الاتى
The roots can be eaten raw or boiled and buttered or par-boiled and roasted.
The young shoots in spring can be cut down to the root and boiled and buttered.
The spiny bracts on the flower head were eaten in the past like globe artichoke,
The stems (after peeling) can be soaked overnight to remove bitterness and then stewed.
The leaves can be trimmed of prickles and boiled and make a good spinach substitute, they can also be added raw to salads
(i) as antioxidants, scavengers and regulators of the intracellular content of glutathione;
(ii) as cell membrane stabilisers and permeability regulators that prevent hepatotoxic agents from entering hepatocytes;
(iii) as promoters of ribosomal RNAsynthesis, stimulating liver regeneration;
(iv) as inhibitors of the transformation of stellate hepatocytes into myofibroblasts, the process responsible for the deposition of collagen fibres leading to cirrhosis.
The key mechanism that ensures hepatoprotection appears to be free radical scavenging. Anti-inflammatory and anticarcinogenic properties have also been documented.